We are dedicated to educating our patients about thyroid nodules in The Thyroid Nodule Clinic.

JONGOH KIM, MD Endocrinologist located in Houston, Tx
LIBU VARUGHESE, MD Endocrinologist located in Houston, Tx

After detecting a lump, a thyroid nodule biopsy can provide the information needed to shape your next steps. The team offers this procedure at Endocrine & Diabetes Plus Clinic in Houston, Texas. If you need a thyroid nodule biopsy, schedule an appointment online or over the phone today. You can rest assured you’ll be in the best of hands.

Thyroid Nodule Biopsy Q & A

Thyroid nodules are lumps that develop inside your thyroid. They can be solid or filled with fluid, and a simple physical exam cannot detect all nodules. 

The vast majority of thyroid nodules are benign, meaning they are not cancerous. However, some thyroid nodules are an indication of cancer. A thyroid nodule biopsy is the best way to know for certain if a nodule is cancerous or benign. 

A thyroid nodule biopsy is not the first diagnostic tool your provider at Endocrine & Diabetes Plus Clinic deploys. The initial steps include blood work, as well as a physical exam and palpation of your neck.

A thyroid and parathyroid ultrasound is also a good way to learn more about nodules and other tissue abnormalities. This test is fast and painless. 

If your provider is concerned about the results of these tests, they may schedule a thyroid nodule biopsy. This procedure uses a very thin needle to aspirate a cell sample from the nodule(s). The cell sample is then sent to a lab for microscopic examination. 

The procedure is relatively straightforward and requires no advance preparation. Your provider numbs the area with a topical or local anesthetic to help you remain comfortable from start to finish. 

You lie back on the exam table or chair, and you may have a small pillow behind your neck to achieve the best possible positioning. Your provider inserts a fine needle into your skin and guides it to the thyroid nodule. 

You may feel some pressure during this part of the process, but there is no pain. Your provider gathers samples from multiple areas of the nodule, using a new needle for each draw. 

Real-time ultrasound imaging can help the team “see” the path of the needle. If fluid fills your nodule, they can withdraw the fluid during the biopsy process.

Your results may classify your biopsy results as benign, meaning there was no sign of cancerous cells. This is the most common type of result.

Your thyroid nodule biopsy might come back with “indeterminate” results. This means the technician who viewed your cell samples could not detect nor rule out thyroid cancer. The team advises you of the next steps in your diagnostic process, which could include a repeat biopsy, genetic testing, or surgery. 

If your results show signs of cancer, your provider discusses the full range of treatment options. You receive all the details needed to make an informed decision about your care. 

To learn more about thyroid nodule biopsy or to schedule your procedure, call Endocrine & Diabetes Plus Clinic today or try the easy online booking tool.